VERITAS Research Institute for History and Archives

29 September 2014


Rich in twists and turns, the history of the first half of the 20th century in Hungary was driven by the events of the Austro-Hungarian Monarchy, including the breakup of Greater Hungary, the shifts in power associated with the Aster Revolution and the Hungarian Republic of Councils, as well as the 1944 German occupation, which was proceeded in that very same year by a Soviet occupation that was to last for four and a half decades.

All of these resulted in a nearly total political, economic and cultural transformation at the highest levels of society, in addition to causing great harm to various other groups.

Concerning the latter, among the greatest shocks were the eradication of the majority of our Jewish compatriots; the revoking of civil rights from a sizeable proportion of German-descended and Hungarian-descended citizens that resulted from the partial removal of the previous leadership; and the tremendous suffering associated with Soviet occupation.

On the occasion of the 70th anniversary of the two occupations, the VERITAS Research Institute for History and the Office of the National Assembly’s conference has looked at their histories and aftermaths by inviting distinguished experts to present on the topic.

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